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                 Please refer to Attachment 1.

On November 24, 1995, the joint meeting of "the National Energy Council of Ministries" and "the Council of Ministries for Global Environmental Conservation" was held and the fundamental framework on "Japan Programme for Activities Implemented Jointly" was introduced.

Also, on January 19, 1996, the meeting of "Inter-Ministerial Agency Co-Ordination Committee for AIJ" (IMACC) co-chaired by the Ministry of International Trade and Industry (MITI) and the Environmental Agency was held and adopted the "Evaluation Guidelines" and others summarizing the items to be confirmed and considered at the responsible ministry or agency during the assessment and authorization processes of an individual project. The summary of the above is as follows:

(1) Objectives

  1. To accumulate experiences in order to contribute to the deliberative work pertinent to the formation of an international framework of Joint Implementation, as a preparatory work for Joint Implementation.

  2. To establish a methodology to conduct comprehensive analysis for the net volume of greenhouse gas reduction and sink resulted from the Joint Implementation.

  3. To study the measures to encourage the participation of private sector for the Joint Implementation projects.

(2) Eligibility of Participants

  1. Domestic Participants

    • Japanese nationals and /or residents of Japan

    • Corporations, organizations, etc.

    • National and/or local governments

    • Others recognized as being able to carry out AIJ

  2. Foreign Participants

    • All the Parties to the Convention (Governments and related organizations)

    • Nationals and/or residents, corporations, organization, etc. of above country Parties

(3) Content

In order to smoothly execute the Japan Programme projects, the Japanese Government has established the Inter-Ministerial Agency Co-ordination Committee for AIJ (IMACC), and determined that the ministry/agency responsible to each project shall implement the assessment and authorization works of the project.

Upon the assessment and authorization process, each responsible ministry/agency shall review, mainly, the following items in regards to the proposed projects:

  1. GHG emission (or sink) shall be predicted with sufficient evidence in case that the proposed AIJ project is implemented.

  2. GHG emission (or sink) shall be predicted with sufficient evidence in case that the proposed AIJ project is not implemented.

  3. In comparison of (i) and(ii), it should be clearly determined that the emission projected under (i) is less than that of (ii), or the sink projected under (i) is more than that under (ii).

  4. It should be predicted that the cumulative effects of GHG emission would not be negative.

  5. Regarding the above predictions, the project implementing entities shall regularly review the predictions, modify them, if necessary, and advise the responsible ministry or agency when the need arises.

  6. In accordance with the resolution of COP1, the proposed project shall be appropriated as an addition to the financial obligation stipulated under the Convention (Article 4-(3)) as well as the current official development assistance (ODA).

  7. The proposed project shall be granted the consent of the governments of partner Parties as AIJ projects. (If participating entities are to prepare the application, it will be suffice to state on the application the status of requesting consent from the partner Party government.)

And the responsible ministry/agency shall assess the following items:

  1. Possibility of the proposed project to induce changes in GHG emission at other regions.

  2. Proper evaluation in environmental, economic, and social impacts of the proposed project.

(4) Merit of implementation

  1. For domestic participants

    • Input to the establishment of international criteria for Joint Implementation

    • Nations' recognition of the efforts to contribute to climate change mitigation and sustainable development.

  2. For partner Parties

    • Promotion of technology transfers beneficial to the reduction of GHG emission and the sink of GHG.

    • Motivating further investment in businesses and technologies that can contribute to the overall development of the partner Parties.

    • Contribution to the improvement of regional economy through the construction of new facilities, the official participation in the projects, and the supply of new energy sources.

  3. Global effects

    • Cost-effective promotion of global GHG emission reduction.

    • Promotion of sustainable development